Faculty Rank: Professor
Medical or Graduate Education:
University of the Witwatersrand School of Clinical Medicine, South Africa
University of Chicago Medical Center - Orthopedic Surgery
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine - Spinal Surgery
Cervical disc replacement
Degenerative disc disease
Spine surgery, minimally invasive
Minimally invasive spinal surgery
Intervertebral disc biology and regeneration
Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, LLC Prairie Medical Center of Westchester 2450 S. Wolf Rd. Suite F Westchester, IL 60154 Phone: (312) 243-4244 Fax: (708) 492-5339
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Below is a list of scientific publications for which this practitioner was either the primary author or a contributor. Citations come from PubMed, a database of biomedical literature, life science journals and online books. PubMed is a service of the US Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health. Click on the title of the cited work for more information (this will take you directly to PubMed.gov). Listings go back five years.
Long-term Outcomes of the US FDA IDE Prospective, Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Comparing PCM Cervical Disc Arthroplasty With Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Phillips FM, Geisler FH, Gilder KM, Reah C, Howell KM, McAfee PC Spine 2015 May 15 40(10):674-83. Are bile acid malabsorption and bile acid diarrhoea an important cause of diarrhoea complicating cancer therapy? Phillips F, Muls AC, Lalji A, Andreyev HJ Colorectal Dis 2015 Feb 28 :. Quantification of Multifidus Atrophy and Fatty Infiltration Following a Minimally Invasive Microdiscectomy. Tabaraee E, Ahn J, Bohl DD, Phillips FM, Singh K Int J Spine Surg 2015 9:25. CORR Insights(®): Recurrent Versus Primary Lumbar Disc Herniation Surgery: Patient-reported Outcomes in the Swedish Spine Register Swespine. Phillips FM Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 2014 May 16 Commentary on Comment on the systematic review of Phillips et al. Lumbar Spine Fusion for Chronic Low Back Pain Due to Degenerative Disc Disease. Phillips FM, Andersson G, Jim Y, Paul S Spine 2014 Feb 12 In response. Phillips FM, Andersson G, Youssef J, Slosar P Spine 2014 Apr 20 39(9):782. A perioperative cost analysis comparing single-level minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Singh K, Nandyala SV, Marquez-Lara A, Fineberg SJ, Oglesby M, Pelton MA, Andersson GB, Isayeva D, Jegier BJ, Phillips FM Spine J 2013 Nov 16 Patient Perceptions of Physician Reimbursement for Spine Surgery. Badlani N, Foran JR, Phillips FM, Pelton M, Singh K, Garfin SR, Allen RT. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 2013 Mar 25. [Epub ahead of print] Adult Degenerative Scoliosis Treated with XLIF: Clinical and Radiographic Results of a Prospective Multi-center Study with 24-Month Follow-Up. Phillips FM, Isaacs RE, Rodgers WB, Khajavi K, Tohmeh AG, Deviren V, Peterson MD, Hyde J, Kurd M Spine 2013 Jul 18 "Should an invasive treatment which lacks solid evidence on effectiveness and clear indication criteria, be recommended for low back pain patients?" "Should a treatment which has been shown by systematic literature review to provide clinically relevant improvements in pain, function, and quality of life be denied to patients suffering from debilitating low back pain?" Phillips FM Spine 2013 Jul 10 Defining the value of spine care. Rihn JA, Currier BL, Phillips FM, Glassman SD, Albert TJ J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2013 Jul 21(7):419-26. Biomechanical evaluation of stand-alone lumbar polyether-ether-ketone interbody cage with integrated screws. Kornblum MB, Turner AW, Cornwall GB, Zatushevsky MA, Phillips FM. Spine J. 2013 2013 Jan 4. doi:pii: S1529-9430(12)01360-5. 10.1016/j.spinee.2012.11.013. [Epub ahead of print] Mycobacterium bovis vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis with adjacent mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm caused by intravesical BCG therapy: a case report in an elderly gentleman. Samadian S, Phillips FM, Deeab D Age Ageing 2013 Jan 42(1):129-31. A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Clinical Investigation Comparing PCM® Cervical Disc Arthroplasty to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: 2 Year Results from the US IDE Clinical Trial. Phillips FM, Lee JY, Geisler FH, Cappuccino A, Chaput CD, Devine JG, Reah C, Gilder KM, Howell KM, McAfee PC. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 2013 Apr 15. [Epub ahead of print] Lumbar spine fusion for chronic low back pain due to degenerative disc disease: a systematic review. Phillips FM, Slosar PJ, Youssef JA, Andersson G, Papatheofanis F. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 2013 Apr 1 38(7):E409-22. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182877f11. Lumbar spinal stenosis. Lee JY, Whang PG, Lee JY, Phillips FM, Patel AA. Instr Course Lect. 2013 2013 62:383-96. Comparing effects of kyphoplasty, vertebroplasty, and non-surgical management in a systematic review of randomized and non-randomized controlled studies. Papanastassiou ID, Phillips FM, Van Meirhaeghe J, Berenson JR, Andersson GB, Chung G, Small BJ, Aghayev K, Vrionis FD. Eur Spine J. 2012 2012 Sep 21(9):1826-43. Epub 2012 Apr 29. A comparison of perioperative costs and outcomes in patients with and without workers' compensation claims treated with minimally invasive or open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Pelton MA, Phillips FM, Singh K. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 2012 Oct 15 37(22):1914-9. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318257d490. Factors affecting reoperations after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion within and outside of a Federal Drug Administration investigational device exemption cervical disc replacement trial. Singh K, Phillips FM, Park DK, Pelton MA, An HS, Goldberg EJ. Spine J. 2012 2012 May 12(5):372-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2012.02.005. Epub 2012 Mar 16. Orthopedic specialty hospitals: centers of excellence or greed machines? Badlani N, Boden S, Phillips F. Orthopedics. 2012 2012 Mar 7 35(3):e420-5. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20120222-31. Treatment of complex cervical spine disorders. Preface. Phillips FM, Khan SN. Orthop Clin North Am. 2012 2012 Jan 43(1):xiii. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2011.10.002. No abstract available. Disc replacement adjacent to cervical fusion: a biomechanical comparison of hybrid construct versus two-level fusion. Lee MJ, Dumonski M, Phillips FM, Voronov LI, Renner SM, Carandang G, Havey RM, Patwardhan AG. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 2011 Nov 1 36(23):1932-9. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181fc1aff. Post-Soviet transition: improving health services delivery and management. Antoun J, Phillips F, Johnson T Mt. Sinai J. Med. 2011 May-Jun 78(3):436-48. The current state of minimally invasive spine surgery. Kim CW, Siemionow K, Anderson DG, Phillips FM. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 2011 Mar 16 93(6):582-96. Review. No abstract available. Repeat use of human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 for second level lumbar arthrodesis. Singh K, Dumonski M, Stanley T, Ponnappan R, Phillips FM. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 2011 Feb 1 36(3):192-6. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181cdd396. Minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion. Phillips FM, Garfin SR. Orthopedics. 2011 2011 Aug 34(8):600-1. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20110627-20. No abstract available. Index and adjacent level kinematics after cervical disc replacement and anterior fusion: in vivo quantitative radiographic analysis. Park DK, Lin EL, Phillips FM. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 2011 Apr 20 36(9):721-30. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181df10fc. The current state of minimally invasive spine surgery. Kim CW, Siemionow K, Anderson DG, Phillips FM. Instr Course Lect. 2011 2011 60:353-70. An attempt at clinically defining and assessing minimally invasive surgery compared with traditional "open" spinal surgery. McAfee PC, Garfin SR, Rodgers WB, Allen RT, Phillips F, Kim C SAS J 2011 5(4):125-30. The relationship of intrapsoas nerves during a transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine: anatomic study. Park DK, Lee MJ, Lin EL, Singh K, An HS, Phillips FM. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010 2010 Jun 23(4):223-8. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0b013e3181a9d540. Lower incidence of dysphagia with cervical arthroplasty compared with ACDF in a prospective randomized clinical trial. McAfee PC, Cappuccino A, Cunningham BW, Devine JG, Phillips FM, Regan JJ, Albert TJ, Ahrens JE. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010 2010 Feb 23(1):1-8. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0b013e31819e2ab8. A prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter evaluation of extreme lateral interbody fusion for the treatment of adult degenerative scoliosis: perioperative outcomes and complications. Isaacs RE, Hyde J, Goodrich JA, Rodgers WB, Phillips FM. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 2010 Dec 15 35(26 Suppl):S322-30. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182022e04. Adult deformity correction through minimally invasive lateral approach techniques. Mundis GM, Akbarnia BA, Phillips FM. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 2010 Dec 15 35(26 Suppl):S312-21. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318202495f. Review. Minimally invasive spine surgery. McAfee PC, Phillips FM, Andersson G, Buvenenadran A, Kim CW, Lauryssen C, Isaacs RE, Youssef JA, Brodke DS, Cappuccino A, Akbarnia BA, Mundis GM, Smith WD, Uribe JS, Garfin S, Allen RT, Rodgers WB, Pimenta L, Taylor W. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 2010 Dec 15 35(26 Suppl):S271-3. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31820250a2. No abstract available. Effect of two-level total disc replacement on cervical spine kinematics. Phillips FM, Tzermiadianos MN, Voronov LI, Havey RM, Carandang G, Dooris A, Patwardhan AG. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 2009 Oct 15 34(22):E794-9. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181afe4bb. Spine care: evaluation of the efficacy and cost of emerging technology. Smith HE, Rihn JA, Brodke DS, Guyer R, Coric D, Lonner B, Shelokov AP, Currier BL, Riley L, Phillips FM, Albert TJ. Am J Med Qual. 2009 2009 Nov-Dec 24(6 Suppl):25S-31S. doi: 10.1177/1062860609349312. Review. An evidence-based approach to spine surgery. Allen RT, Rihn JA, Glassman SD, Currier B, Albert TJ, Phillips FM. Am J Med Qual. 2009 2009 Nov-Dec 24(6 Suppl):15S-24S. doi: 10.1177/1062860609348743. Review. Defining value in spine care. Rihn JA, Berven S, Allen T, Phillips FM, Currier BL, Glassman SD, Nash DB, Mick C, Crockard A, Albert TJ. Am J Med Qual. 2009 2009 Nov-Dec 24(6 Suppl):4S-14S. doi: 10.1177/1062860609349214. Review. Cervical disc replacement in patients with and without previous adjacent level fusion surgery: a prospective study. Phillips FM, Allen TR, Regan JJ, Albert TJ, Cappuccino A, Devine JG, Ahrens JE, Hipp JA, McAfee PC. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 2009 Mar 15 34(6):556-65. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31819b061c. Primary bovine intervertebral disc cells transduced with adenovirus overexpressing 12 BMPs and Sox9 maintain appropriate phenotype. Zhang Y, Markova D, Im HJ, Hu W, Thonar EJ, He TC, An HS, Phillips FM, Anderson DG. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2009 2009 Jun 88(6):455-63. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181a5f0aa. Effect of the Total Facet Arthroplasty System after complete laminectomy-facetectomy on the biomechanics of implanted and adjacent segments. Phillips FM, Tzermiadianos MN, Voronov LI, Havey RM, Carandang G, Renner SM, Rosler DM, Ochoa JA, Patwardhan AG. Spine J. 2009 2009 Jan-Feb 9(1):96-102. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2008.01.010. Epub 2008 Apr 25. Point of view. Phillips FM. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 2009 Feb 15 34(4):399. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181973450. No abstract available. The use of bone morphogenetic protein in lumbar spine surgery. Rihn JA, Gates C, Glassman SD, Phillips FM, Schwender JD, Albert TJ. Instr Course Lect. 2009 2009 58:677-88. The use of bone morphogenetic protein in lumbar spine surgery. Rihn JA, Gates C, Glassman SD, Phillips FM, Schwender JD, Albert TJ. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 2008 Sep 90(9):2014-25. Review. No abstract available. Hypothermia for spinal cord injury. Kwon BK, Mann C, Sohn HM, Hilibrand AS, Phillips FM, Wang JC, Fehlings MG; NASS Section on Biologics. Spine J. 2008 2008 Nov-Dec 8(6):859-74. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2007.12.006. Epub 2008 Mar 10. The action of resveratrol, a phytoestrogen found in grapes, on the intervertebral disc. Li X, Phillips FM, An HS, Ellman M, Thonar EJ, Wu W, Park D, Im HJ. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 2008 Nov 15 33(24):2586-95. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181883883. Altered disc pressure profile after an osteoporotic vertebral fracture is a risk factor for adjacent vertebral body fracture. Tzermiadianos MN, Renner SM, Phillips FM, Hadjipavlou AG, Zindrick MR, Havey RM, Voronov M, Patwardhan AG. Eur Spine J. 2008 2008 Nov 17(11):1522-30. doi: 10.1007/s00586-008-0775-x. Epub 2008 Sep 16. The safety and efficacy of OP-1 (rhBMP-7) as a replacement for iliac crest autograft for posterolateral lumbar arthrodesis: minimum 4-year follow-up of a pilot study. Vaccaro AR, Whang PG, Patel T, Phillips FM, Anderson DG, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Brower RS, Kurd MF, Appannagari A, Patel M, Fischgrund JS. Spine J. 2008 2008 May-Jun 8(3):457-65. Epub 2007 May 25. Cell therapy using articular chondrocytes overexpressing BMP-7 or BMP-10 in a rabbit disc organ culture model. Zhang Y, Phillips FM, Thonar EJ, Oegema T, An HS, Roman-Blas JA, He TC, Anderson DG. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 2008 Apr 15 33(8):831-8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31816b1f38. Action of fibroblast growth factor-2 on the intervertebral disc. Li X, An HS, Ellman M, Phillips F, Thonar EJ, Park DK, Udayakumar RK, Im HJ. Arthritis Res Ther. 2008 2008 10(2):R48. doi: 10.1186/ar2407. Epub 2008 Apr 24.
To watch a brief video of Frank M. Phillips, MD, click the play button at the lower left corner of the video frame below.
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Patients with spinal problems are really a group that has a lot of challenges. They’re used to dealing with a lot of spinal pain that really affects their function. They’ve often, before they see us, seen many other doctors, been given different opinions, and sort of feel lost, frustrated. And I think the way I manage these patients is to work through those issues with them. And many times we have very reasonable treatments that will help resolve the pain and get these patients functioning again.
I got interested in spinal disorders during my orthopedic surgery training. And in those days, we really did not have a lot of good options for patients with spinal problems. In recent years a number of motion-preserving options have been developed, and we’ve participated in a number of FDA trials evaluating these technologies. In the right patient, a motion sparing technique can work very well with results at least equivalent, if not better to some of the traditional surgeries we’ve been performing for many years.